Are national courts the addressees of the InfoSoc three-step test?

By Arnold, R., Rosati, E.

Directive 2001/29 (the ‘InfoSoc Directive’) contains an exhaustive list of exceptions and limitations that Member States are free to implement into their own copyright laws (save that the exemption for temporary copies is mandatory). Article 5(5) incorporates the three-step test and mandates that exceptions and limitations shall only be applied …read more

Source:: Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice